V-54: Emergency Safety Interventions
North Sanpete School District
Board Policy with Guidelines
|Policy Number: V-54
Effective Date: 05/16/2017
Subject: Emergency Safety Interventions
A school employee may not subject a student to physical restraint or seclusionary time out unless utilized as a necessary emergency safety intervention (ESI) in compliance with this section.
- An “emergency safety intervention (ESI)” is the use of seclusionary time out or physical restraint when a student presents an immediate/imminent danger of physical violence/aggression towards self or others likely to cause serious physical harm. An “emergency safety intervention” is not for disciplinary purposes.
- “Physical restraint” means personal restriction immobilizing or reducing the ability of an individual to move his arms, legs, body, or head freely.
- “Seclusionary time out” means that a student is placed in a safe enclosed area, isolated from adults and peers, and the student is, or reasonably believes, he will be prevented from leaving the area.
- Teachers and other personnel who may work directly with students shall be trained on the use of effective alternatives to ESI as well as the safe use of ESI and a release criteria.
- ESI shall:
- be applied for the minimum time necessary to ensure safety;
- be discontinued as soon as imminent danger of physical harm to self or others has dissipated;
- be discontinued if the student is in severe distress;
- never be used as punishment or discipline;
- in no instance be imposed for more than 30 minutes.
Students with Disabilities Receiving Special Education Services
Use of ESI for a student with a disability receiving specialized educational services under IDEA or Section 504, shall be subject to the applicable state and District Least Restrictive Behavioral Interventions (LRBI) policies and procedures for special education/504 programs.
A school employee may, when acting within the scope of employment, use and apply physical restraint or force as an ESI as may be reasonable and necessary under the following circumstances:
- to protect the student or another person from serious physical harm;
- to take possession of a weapon, other dangerous objects in the possession or under the control of a student; or
When an employee exercises physical restraint as an ESI on a student, the following types of physical restraint are prohibited:
- prone, or face-down;
- supine, or face-up;
- restraint which obstructs the airway or adversely affects the student’s primary mode of communication;
- mechanical restraint, except for seatbelts or safety equipment used to secure students during transportation; or
- chemical restraint, except as prescribed by a licensed physician and implemented in compliance with a student’s Health Care Plan.
STUDENT CONDUCT AND DISCIPLINE
Seclusionary Time Out
A school employee may, when acting within the scope of employment, place a student in seclusionary time out as an ESI under the following circumstances:
- the student presents an immediate danger of serious physical harm to self or others;
- any door remains unlocked; and
- the student is within line sight of the employee at all times.
- If a crisis situation occurs requiring an ESI be used, the school or employee shall notify the student’s parent/guardian, the school administrator, and the school director as soon as possible and no later than the end of the school day.
- If the ESI is applied for longer than fifteen minutes, the school shall immediately notify the student’s parent/guardian and school administration.
- Parent notifications made under this section shall be documented in the student information system as required by R277-609-6(C)(4).
- Within 24 hours of using ESI, the school shall notify the parent/guardian that they may request a copy of any notes or additional documentation taken during the crisis situation.
- Upon request of a parent/guardian, the school shall provide a copy of any notes or additional documentation taken during a crisis situation.
- A parent/guardian may request a time to meet with school staff and administration to discuss the crisis situation.
Prohibition of Corporal Punishment
A school employee may not inflict or cause the infliction of corporal punishment.